What is Yellow Watermelon and Why is it Yellow?

yellow watermelon in Japan

Konnichiwa! Recently, I stumbled upon a fascinating variety of watermelon during my travels in Japan—the yellow watermelon, or in Japanese… suika (すいか). Intrigued by its striking appearance and curious about its origins, I delved deeper into the world of yellow watermelon. In this blog post, we will embark on a journey together to unravel the mysteries behind this intriguing fruit.

What is Yellow Watermelon?

Let’s begin by addressing the most fundamental question: What is yellow watermelon? Yellow watermelon, as the name suggests, is a delightful variant of the classic red watermelon. Instead of the familiar juicy red flesh, yellow watermelon displays a vibrant golden hue when sliced open. Its exterior is typically similar to that of a traditional watermelon, with a green rind and black seeds.

Why is it Yellow?

Now that we’ve established what yellow watermelon is, let’s explore why it possesses its distinctive golden color. The unique yellow hue of this watermelon variety is primarily due to a lower lycopene content compared to its red counterpart. Lycopene is a naturally occurring pigment responsible for the red color in fruits and vegetables. While red watermelons boast a high lycopene content, yellow watermelons contain lower levels of this pigment, resulting in their beautiful golden appearance.

Is Yellow Watermelon Natural?

One might wonder if yellow watermelon is a result of genetic modification or hybridization. However, I was pleasantly surprised to discover that yellow watermelon is, in fact, a natural variation that occurs due to specific genetic traits. It is not a product of artificial manipulation or genetic engineering. Nature has its way of surprising us with delightful surprises, and yellow watermelon is a testament to that.

Why is Watermelon Yellow?

To understand why watermelon can be yellow, we must explore the biochemical composition of this fascinating fruit. Watermelons belong to the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes cucumbers, pumpkins, and squash. The flesh of a watermelon, whether red or yellow, derives its color from pigments called carotenoids. In the case of yellow watermelon, the predominant carotenoid responsible for the golden color is beta-carotene. This pigment is also found in yellow or orange fruits and vegetables like carrots and apricots.

Where Does Yellow Watermelon Come From?

Yellow watermelon has a rich history and hails from different parts of the world. Its exact origin is a subject of debate among experts, but it is believed to have originated in Africa. Over time, yellow watermelon found its way to various regions, including Japan, where it has become particularly popular.

Why is Watermelon in Japan Yellow?

Not all watermelon in Japan is yellow. But, when it comes to yellow watermelon in Japan, the fruit has become more than just a variation—it has evolved into a cultural phenomenon. In Japan, yellow watermelon is highly sought after for its rarity and aesthetic appeal. Japanese farmers have embraced this unique variety, cultivating it with care and precision to meet the growing demand.

Square Watermelon in Japan: A Fascinating Side Note

While discussing the wonders of yellow watermelon in Japan, it would be remiss not to mention another captivating fruit—square watermelon. Japan is renowned for its ingenuity and creativity, and square watermelon exemplifies this spirit. These watermelons are grown in square molds to achieve their distinctive shape. Although not directly related to yellow watermelon, square watermelons highlight Japan’s dedication to cultivating visually intriguing and unique fruits.

square watermelon in japan
Square Watermelon in Japan
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As I conclude my journey into the world of yellow watermelon in Japan, the land of the rising sun, I am filled with a sense of awe and admiration for nature’s ability to surprise and delight us. The allure of this golden fruit, with its vibrant color and refreshing taste, has captured the hearts of many. Whether you’re a fruit enthusiast like me or simply curious about culinary wonders, yellow watermelon is undoubtedly an experience worth exploring. So, the next time you find yourself in Japan, don’t forget to indulge in this delightful and visually stunning fruit—the yellow watermelon!